Accounts on the origin of wing chun differ, but the most common version names southern Shaolin nun Ng Mui as its founder.
While visiting Foshan in Guangdong in late Qing dynasty, Ng Mui came across Yim Wing-chun, the beautiful daughter of a tofu
vender, who was often harassed by local gangsters. To help her defend herself, Ng Mui taught her selected moves that
were suitable for girls. Being a talented learner, Yim Wing-chun soon gained a grasp of the essence of the moves.
She developed a series of moves for practice and named them "wing chun".
Developed as a method of self-defense for women, wing chun is a practical school of boxing characterized by its tall
and narrow stance, relaxed softness and directness of action in contrast with the low and wide stance and high-impact moves
of other schools.
Towards the end of the reign of Emperor Jiaqing, Master Yim married Leung Bok-sau and taught him all she had learned.
Leung eventually taught Wong Wah-bo and Leung Yi-tai wing chun on a boat in exchange for the manual of the "six and a half
point pole", which had since became an essential weapon used by wing chun practioners. Recognizing the superb tactics
and mastery of power and stance in wing chun, Leung put his heart into it and mastered siu num tau (little idea), chum kiu
(seeking bridge), bil jee (darting fingers), wooden dummy boxing, the six and a half point pole and eight slashing knives.
He also put wing chun to practical use and gave local bullies and gangsters a hard time. Wing Chun became well-known
in Lingnan as a result, while Leung acquired fame as the King of Wing Chun. However, being a philanthropist, Leung spent
most of his time on his medical practice instead of wing chun teaching and only Chan Wah-shun and his sons Leung Chun and
Leung Bik learned from him the essence of wing chun.
Although the legend was know by many, it was only practiced by a few and therefore regarded as a mystery. Living
in Chan village in Fo shan, Chan Wah-shun worked as a money changer in his youth and was know as "Money Changer" Wah.
He frequented Leung's clinic for work and eventually became Leung's pupil and learned the essence of his art. After
the death of Leung, more and more people approached Wah for guidance on wing chun. Wah then quit his work as a money
changer and concentrated on wing chun teaching. He was the first Wing Chun master to establish his own wushu school.
Apart from boxing sequences and individual moves, chi sau (hand-sticking) is another important element of wing chun that
requires extensive training to master. One-on-one coaching is required and Wah was obliged to keep only a few pupils
and charge at expensive rates. Most of his pupils were boys from rich families and wing chun acquired reputation as
"boxing for rich boys". With the extended one-on-one coaching required, Way only took in 16 pupils throughout 36 years
of teaching. Among them are Ng Chun-sok, ho Hon-lui, Lui Yu-chai, his own son Chan Yu-gum and Ip Man, his last pupil
who would eventually turn wing chun into one of the most popular Chinese martial arts.
Ip joined Wah's wushu school at the age of seven. Then an old man, Wah was very fond of the boy and taught him
with great devotion. After the death of Wah, Ng Chung-sok, his first pupil, took very good care of Ip and continued
to guide him in his practice. After three years of hard work. Ip had learned the essence of Wah's skills.
Relocating to Hong Kong to pursue his studies, Ip, then 16 years old, met Leung Bik, the second son of Leung Chun. Ip
then studied under Leung Bik for three years. It proved a great opportunity for him and saw great advancement in his
skills. Upon his return to Foshan, Ip supported the cause of justice with his expertise in martial arts and once again
brought great fame for the art of wing chun. However, with the invasion of the Japanese, Ip fled with his family and
did not have a chance to teach.
After the Sino-Japanese War, Ip revisted Hong Kong and settled down to teach wing chun. After painstakingly scouting,
he found a teaching job at the restaurant employees' union on Tai NamStreet in Sham Shui Po with the recommendation of his
friend Li Man, and took up a career in teaching.
Well-educated in western science and reason, Ip taught wing chun in a scientific manner, stressing the importance of
logic, line and angle of attack, control of force as well as psychology, among other things. he also abandoned the traditional
way of teaching, and encouraged learners to look further than specific moves and instead try to grasp the essence and strike
as their hearts please. Ip taught differently according the abilities of each pupil, ensuring all of them learned efficiently
and developed their talents. The art of wing chun flourished with Ip's new way of teaching. Unlike many other
sifus, Ip encouraged his pupils to engage in combat with outsiders ("hand-talk") in order to understand their own weaknesses.
This help spread the name of wing chun throughout the city and attracted many talented young people to come to join Ip's school.
The late kung fu superstar, Bruce Lee who introduced Chinese martial arts to the world, was one of them.
Ip spent a lifetime teaching wing chun and many of his pupils enjoyed great success, gaining enormous fame for the art
of wing chun in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Southest Asia. With his invaluable contribution ot the development of wing chun,
Ip came to be regarded as one of the greatest masters by wing chun practitioners.
From a method of self-defense for women, wing chun developed into a powerful practical combat martial art in several
decades and from its origin in Foshan, it has established fame and keen following in different corners of the world.
Highly regarded around the world, it is now the most popular form of Chinese wushu among foreigners. There is an agreed
account on its origin and development: founded by Yim Wing-chun, took roots in the hands of Leung Chun and blossomed under
-The above article is based on the history of Wing Chun found on the Special features of the movie "Ip Man"
Chen style Tai Chi Chuan (Ancients-respected, Zun Gu)
This is the same style that is taught by world-reknowned Chen style lineage holder and grandmaster, master Chen Qing
Fu Style Family (Wudang) Internal Martial Arts-Tai Chi Chuan, Ba Gua Chang, Liang Yi Chuan
This is the same style as created by Fu Chen Sung, perfected by Fu Yung Hui, and practiced, taught, and disseminated
by Victor Sheng Lung Fu.